I am having a wonderful Mother’s Day. How appropriate this post is about children.
I have two children. My daughter loves school, my son could barely attend school. This is for my son who wants FI. He will be 20 years old this year and here is the plan we have formulated.
I had to ask him why he wanted FI. He said that I seemed to have a pretty great lifestyle. Now that was music to my ears since sometimes, you don’t think they are watching. Especially during the teenage years, they seem so distracted all the time. He also wanted to FI in case he was let go from a job. That way he would not be as concerned. My son is very insightful indeed.
He wants to be able to have a small modicum of FI on 25K a year which would take a 625K portfolio. He wants to reach this by 35 years old. I also want him to complete his university degree and obtain a career along the way. He reads Canadian Couch Potato website already without my suggesting it. He is well ahead of the his father.
He also knows that the point is not to tap out of work altogether. Humans need to be productive. He knows he will continue to earn after FI. Too much FI probably ruins all ambition. And that is NOT a good thing.
We had gone back and forth between being a Canadian dividend investor versus index investing. He has spent time researching the pros and cons of both. He wanted to be a hybrid investor but I am making him decide on one method. In the end, he decided on ETF index investing. In fact, his portfolio will mirror ours exactly. We both came to the conclusion that we are really lazy people and thus the 2 fund portfolio will work well for him. And yes, he is going to be 100% equities because he is 19 years old. FI or not, his investment runway is huge and he does not plan to stop working when he hits the FI number.
He has contributed to his TFSA since he turned 19 years old with money saved from birthdays and working. He started an account with Questrade. It is so much easier for young people to invest with index funds nowadays.
So this is what we came up with.
FI Goal- 625,000 by 35 years old
Yearly budget 18,000
- TFSA– VGRO (80% equities/ 20% bonds)
- Taxable Account– ⅓ VCN, ⅔ XAW (100% equities)
The Budget- 1500/ month
|Transportation (bus pass)||100|
|Health- dental, glasses||75|
When he finishes his studies and gets a job, he will contribute rent for the lower unit that he lives in with his sister. He has made a rough budget of 18K a year for his living expenses when he gets a job. If he can save 50- 60% of his gross income, he should reach FI around 35 years old.
We have paid for their education costs. We will cover their university costs when they attend the local university. If they wish to move away, they will be expected to cover the extra living costs. I am not surprised that both of them prefer to stay locally.
He will likely be an average wage earner. Thus I do not need to make the calculation with a six figure income. He has plans to travel frugally with his friends and sees the value of giving himself some financial stability.
It is always the journey to FI that will develop his character. I simply would not take that away from him.
Thankfully he had always been frugal. Aside from some computer games, he never really wanted much else. In fact, I can not even make him get a driver’s license as he does not want to own a car, like ever. I think he will be just fine in the spending department.
He already recognizes that there is no career charming. He only hopes to find something useful where he can be of service. But he is also very social. I do not envision him staying home doing nothing.
He plans to put most of his work funds into his new investment account. He has already started being interested in the concept of behavioral finances.
I do not want him to use credit cards yet. I currently allow my children to use our family credit card which I check the charges regularly. They shop for our groceries so allowing them access to the credit card has been helpful. They both prefer to use debit cards. I think I might have scared them off credit cards for now. But the next step would likely be for him to obtain a credit card to develop his credit score.
He has a no fee chequing account at the bank and I have showed him how to buy term deposits online for his short term funds.
I have warned him that the food budget will likely be the most budget busting item on his whole list. He loves the home gym so that is another expense that will be absent. I think he has heard me go on about the dangers of recurring expenses enough.
My children have certainly grown up with my love of libraries and the overall sharing economy. They see the value of Netflix, Spotify and the local transit. They see how living in an urban neighbourhood allows them to not have to own a car.
They have also seen the benefit of good public schools. They have known friends and family who have attended both private and public schools. They often tell me they can not see the difference. In fact, they are noticing that many of the academically stronger students came from their local public schools. These are lessons that they could only learn by observing people they know. If I told them that, they would probably not have believed me.
I had the very frank discussion with him regarding real estate. He is aware of the higher capital required. He has opted for ETF investing instead. Wise choice. He has also decided that he would prefer to save money by staying at home for now. Buying a single family home would not be in his future. We both agree that that would be an unnecessary burden when he should value his freedom instead.
So this is the plan to help my son achieve FI. I believe he will be able to reach it much easier than his father. My son is very clear that he wants this. He is enjoying his current studies but I know he has heard the stories of university graduates working at coffee shops. That is a good trait he possesses. He is self aware and understands his own limits already. His decisions have also shown how carefully he thinks about the plan.
Emotional intelligence is underrated. Simplicity is underrated. Doing less is frowned upon. I hope he finds success following his own path. That would be the best Mother’s Day gift ever.